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Platelet-Rich Plasma technique has been employed to treat tendon, muscle and joint lesions.  It promotes the natural healing processes in the human body as it exploits the high regenerative potential of growth factors released by platelets present in the blood. PRP injections can be performed in the case of chronic tendinopathy recalcitrant to traditional therapy, such as tennis elbow, plantar fasciitis, Achilles tendinosis etc., of muscle lesions of various kind, of ligament lesions such as collateral ligament tears, anterior cruciate ligament injuries etc., in the initial stages of osteoarthritis and in general in cartilage damage. PRP represents a very good alternative to surgery and promotes long-term tissue healing. Though its effects are not immediate, PRP alleviates symptoms over time, facilitating a remarkable return to previous function.  The aim of PRP injections is to reduce or eliminate pain and inflammation, prevent or contain functional limitations accelerating healing or avoiding alternative treatment, from cortisone and anti-inflammatory injections to surgery.

PRP Preparation: To prepare PRP, a small amount of blood is taken from the patient and then placed in a specialized centrifuge. The centrifuge separates out the platelet component from the rest and concentrates it (from 4 to 6 times the base blood value). The reparative component is then injected into injured areas where it releases growth factors able to stimulate regeneration and healing of the lesion naturally and selectively.  Initially the procedure may cause some localized soreness in the treated area due to the injection. Rest is advisable for 24-48 hours to reduce the risk of joint inflammation. Ice can be applied to relieve discomfort (20 minutes a few times per day). Each set of PRP treatment may be spaced approximately three to four weeks apart. Rehabilitation exercises may be recommended to continue even after injections are finished.


PRP injection to Painful knee joint with early osteoarthritis video link